Although breast reconstruction is typically done for cancer reconstruction, there are also other indications such as treatment after severe infection, prophylactic breast removal to prevent cancer, or congenital deformity. A large number of choices are available and each is tailored to the needs of the patient. These choices include expanders / implants, tissue rearrangement, or free flaps where tissue is completely removed from one area of the body and reattached to an artery and vein to reconstruct the breast. Each option should be carefully discussed so that you have a good idea of the risks and benefits of each.
Since the reasons for breast reconstruction are varied, and choice of reconstruction depends so many different factors, a consultation is necessary to carefully evaluate the breast and provide good options. Your consultation will include a review of the proposed procedures, risks, and an explanation of realistic expectations.